Welcome to Barnala Police

 

 

    Question 1. Are there any particular opening and closing hours for police stations?

    Answer:-  The basic functional unit of police is police station, which is open for 24 hours a day for hearing your grievances/complaints.

    Q2. If I am an affected person or if I see a crime is happening or any violation, what am I supposed to do?

    Answer:-  You can report at the police station in whose jurisdiction the event has taken place either by phone or visiting personally. You can even send your written complaint by post. If you have complaint against a police officer, you can send or report the complaint to the SHO & Dy.S.P. and even to the higher authorities.

    Question 3. What is an FIR and why sometimes FIR registration is denied?

    Answer:-  FIR stands for First Information Report. Whenever anybody reports about any crime which discloses cognizable offence then information is entered into a register whose Performa is as Performa No – 24.5 ( I ) of Punjab Police Rule. It is the right of complainant to get an FIR registered if his complaint discloses any cognizable offence. It is the right of the complainant to get one copy of FIR free of cost, immediately from concerned police station. FIR can be registered either on written statement or verbal statement of complainant which is later reduced in writing by Police Officer and is signed by the complainant. If your complaint does not disclose any offence or your complaint discloses only non-cognizable offence, then FIR cannot be registered. In such cases where only non-cognizable offence is made out, Police officer will enter the substance of information in the general diary of Police Station and give copy of same to complainant. Another copy of complaint is sent to the concerned judicial magistrate for further action. Police does not have powers to investigate a non-cognizable offence without the orders of the magistrate.

    Question 4. What are cognizable and non-cognizable offences?

    Answer:-  Cognizable offence :- An offence for which a police officer has the powers to arrest without a warrant is defined as a cognizable offence. Offences like murder, rape,kidnapping, theft, robbery, fraud etc. are classified as cognizable. To get detailed list of cognizable offence kindly refer to first schedule of Criminal Procedure Code. Non cognizable offence: - An offence for which a police officer does not have the power to arrest the accused without warrant. To get detailed list of non-cognizable offences please refer to first schedule of Criminal Procedure Code.

    Question 5. What is Bailable Offence and what is Non-Bailable Offence?

    Answer:-  Bailable Offences are those offences where the accused has the right to get himself released on bail after his arrest if he can give sureties or personal bond to the satisfaction of the police officer. For the list of bailable offences please refer to first schedule of Criminal Procedure Code. Non-bailable offences are such offences where the police does not have the power to release the arrested person on bail (except under certain special circumstances). The arrested person is to be produced before the judicial Magistrate within 24 hours of the arrest. For the list of non-bailable offences please refer to first schedule of Criminal Procedure Code.

    Question 6. Whether a police officer can arrest a person without warrant?

    Answer:-  Yes, a police officer can arrest a person without warrant, if he has been involved in any cognizable offence.

     

    Question 7. Is it possible to have police security for the individual property?

    Answer:-   Police department is meant for the security and safety of people and normally police patrolling is done by the police in the respective areas of their police stations. In the normal circumstances, it is not possible for police to look after the individual properties.

    Question 8. Whether a police officer can search a person / place without a search warrant ?

    Answer:-  Yes, a police officer can search for the person / place without search warrant under certain conditions

    Question 9. Can I call the police on the basis of mere suspicion and if so, then on which number?

    Answer:-  In case you see anything unusual/suspicious, you can call the police anytime at 100 number which is toll free. Police will verify the facts and act accordingly.

    Question 10. How to call the police service for handling anonymous/threatening calls?

    Answer:-  If you get anonymous calls which may be threatening or harassing, you can inform the local police station or control room (100). It is advisable that you should also inform the telephone department to put your telephone under observation.

    Question 11. If I come to witness an accident, how should I react? Will there be any legal complications from the police department?

    Answer:-  In such a situation, inform the nearest police station or dial 100. If there is no injury to anyone then wait for the police to come to the scene of the accident but if somebody is injured in the accident, it is your duty to take him to the nearest medical facility center, doctor on the duty is bound to give first aid to the injured without waiting for the police formalities. It is not necessary to take the injured to government hospital or to wait for the police to come.

    Question 12. What is the procedure for the complaints regarding the missing person?

    Answer:-  Report the matter to the police personally or on phone at 100 when you are sure that the person is missing.

    Question 13. What is the procedure regarding the reports and the F.I.Rs?

    Answer:-  You can report to the police when any crime occurs or when you apprehend a crime. Report could be on the telephone or in the writing. F.I.R. is lodged only when the crime has taken place.

    Question 14. How to inform regarding the wanted/missing person?

    Answer:-  If you see a wanted criminal or a missing person, inform the local police or dial 100.

    Question 15. Why is police late in reacting?

    Answer:-   Police reacts on the information which it receives. Apparently, it appears that the police reach late on the site of accident or crime but actually, police starts its action when it gets the information and it has been noticed that the people are late in informing. So the promptness of the reaction depends on the promptness of the communication. The availability (shortage) of the resources also plays a major role.

    Question 16. Why is police rude and unreliable for the public?

    Answer:-   It is entirely a pre-conceived notion. The public is prejudiced in its view towards the police but the reality is that the expectations are very high and the force and facilities are very less.

     

    Question 17. How can I be a part of the police force?

    Answer:-  If you wish to join the police department, you can enter at four stages if you are higher secondary pass, you can apply for the post of constable. If you are a graduate, you can apply for the post of sub inspector/platoon commander. The advertisements are normally given in the local dailies. If you are a graduate, you can appear for state PSC exam for       Dy. S.P. If you are a graduate, you can also appear for UPSC examination to enter into IPS.

    Question 18. What is Cyber crime?

    Cybercrime is a fast-growing area of crime. More and more criminals are exploiting the speed, convenience and anonymity of the Internet to commit a diverse range of criminal activities that know no borders, either physical or virtual. These crimes can be divided into three broad areas:

    • Attacks against computer hardware and software, for example, bonnets, malware and network intrusion;
    • Financial crimes and corruption, such as online fraud, penetration of online financial services and phishing;
    • Abuse, in the form of grooming or ‘sexploitation', especially crimes against children.

    The changing nature of cybercrime

    New trends in cybercrime are emerging all the time, with costs to the global economy running to billions of dollars.

    In the past, cybercrime was committed mainly by individuals or small groups. Today, we are seeing criminal organizations working with criminally minded technology professionals to commit cybercrime, often to fund other illegal activities. Highly complex, these cybercriminal networks bring together individuals from across the globe in real time to commit crimes on an unprecedented scale.

    Criminal organizations turning increasingly to the Internet to facilitate their activities and maximize their profit in the shortest time. The crimes themselves are not necessarily new – such as theft, fraud, illegal gambling and sale of fake medicines – but they are evolving in line with the opportunities presented online and therefore becoming more widespread and damaging.

    Question 19. How you can stay safe at Internet?

    For most of us, the Internet is  an essential part of our lives :-

    – It’s where we chat with  friends, download music, play games and look up anything and everything we could ever want to know. It’s impossible to imagine living without the Internet, but are you aware of the risks?

    Be aware of the risks:-

    Though the Internet is an integral part of our everyday lives, there are also some risks we take every time we log on. We’re not just talking about viruses, phishing and spyware; there are real people out there, of all ages, who go online with the intention of harming young people.

    There’s no need to panic, but you do need to understand the different dangers and how to protect yourself. Below are some tips for how to stay safe:

    talk to someone you TRUST:-

    You can always talk to your parents, or to someone else you trust, about what you experience online. You can help each other get the most out of the Internet whilst making sure you stay safe.

    LIFE STUFF:-

    While the Internet is great for making new friends and sharing interests, it’s important not to reveal too much information about yourself. Some people will hide their real identity and try and approach young people for sexual purposes – perhaps sending sexual messages in a chat-room or by Instant Messenger, or by trying to persuade the person to meet in the ‘real’ world. Stay in control of your information and actions:

    ■In social networks there is a privacy setting – use it!

    ■Don‘t post your full name, date of birth, address or school.

    Think about what messages and information you post online – if you don’t want your parents or teacher to see it or read it then don’t post it.

    You can’t “unsay” what you say online, so think before you write.

    Use the  ‘print screen’  function to record any content that you don’t feel comfortable with, and show it to a parent or another grown-up that you trust.

    Never meet a virtual friend without discussing it with an adult or bringing a real friend.

    Never make plans online.

    Don’t take anything for granted:

    ■A friend in real life is a real friend. Is your online friend who you think they are?

    ■A person needs to have a legitimate reason to be in constant touch with you – if you’re not comfortable talking to them, don’t reply.

    ■If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is!

    ■There is no such thing as a free lunch. If you are receiving something, what are you expected to give in return?

    Remember, all this advice applies in the same way to any device connected to the Internet:  laptop computer, mobile phone, iPod or tablet, etc.

    TECHNICAL STUFF

    To keep your computer safe from viruses and other technical problems you should use the

    following as a minimum – and make sure you keep them up to date:

    ■firewall

    ■anti-virus software

    ■OS Update (for security patches and bug fixes)

    Other things you can do:

    ■Install anti-spyware tools and run them regularly.

    ■If you install file-sharing software, make sure it’s done properly.

    ■If you have a wireless network, make sure it’s encrypted.

    ■Block browser pop ups or tries using different browsers.

    ■Ignore spam – just delete it, or mark it as ‘spam’ or ‘junk’ in your email client. Don’t try to unsubscribe.

    ■If you get lots of spam, simply close down your email account and open another. There are lots of free ones available online.

    ■Open attachments only if they’re sent by people you know and trust.

    ■Keep your passwords secret: never give them to anyone.

    How do you can create a strong password?

    Use a unique password for each of your online accounts and change them regularly.

    Passwords should:

    • Be at least eight characters long;
    • Contain a mixture of letters, numbers and symbols.

     Passwords should not:

    • Be a recognizable word from a dictionary;
    • Contain any of your personal data, such as name or date or birth.

    Question 20. How to register complaint with cyber cell of police – online complaint procedure?

    Cybercrime is a criminal activity which is carried on by the use of computers and the Internet. Some of common cyber crimes are hacking, cyber stalking denial of service attack, virus dissemination, software piracy , credit card fraud & phishing.

    To tackle the issue of cybercrimes, CIDs (Criminal Investigation Departments) of various cities opened up Cyber Crime Cells in different cities. The Information Technology Act of India states clearly that when a cybercrime has been committed, it has a global jurisdiction and hence a complaint can be filed at any cyber cell.

    Step 1 -One may need to provide name, mailing address & telephone number along with an application letter addressing the head of a cyber crime investigation cell when filing a complaint.

    Step 2-One must provide certain documents in order to register a complaint. List of documents varies with the type of cyber crime.

    In case of hacking the following information should be provided:

    1) Server Logs

    2) A copy of the defaced web page in soft copy as well as hard copy format, if victim’s website is defaced if data are compromised on the victim’s server or computer or any other network equipment, soft copy of original data and soft copy of compromised data.

    3) Access control mechanism details i.e.- Who had the access to the computer or email of the victim?

    4) List of suspects if the victim is having any suspicion on anyone.

    5) All relevant information leading to the answers to following questions.

    • What is compromised?
    • Who might have compromised the system?
    • When was the system compromised?
    • Why might have been the system compromised)
    • Where is the impact of the attack-identifying the target system from the network?
    • How many systems have been compromised by the attack)

    In case of e-mail abuse, vulgar e-mail, etc. the following information should be provided:

    • The extended headers of offending e-mail and the offending e-mail from.

    Cyber Crime Investigation Wing for Punjab:-

    Punjab Police has recently set up a state level Cyber Crime Investigation Cell. This Cell has been notified as cyber crime police station with the jurisdiction of the entire state of Punjab where any kind of FIR can be registered under various provisions of IT Act and related laws.
    This cell is located at SAS Nagar, Mohali. People from any part of Punjab can get their FIR registered in this police station by visiting there or sending their complaints through E-mail IDs :-  

    policehelp100@gmail.com ssp.cyber-pb@nic.in  )