The Primary functions of the State Police are prevention and detection of crime, maintenance of law and order and to bring offenders to justice.  The State Police is headed by the Director General of Police.  It is organized into different wings/ units each headed by a Senior officer as outlined in the chart below :-




                        District Police reports to Director General of Police through Addl. Director General of Police, Law & Order and the main functions of the district police are as under:-

1.         Prevention and detection of crime: Preventive steps include beat patrolling, setting up of Nakas, gathering of intelligence and management of an effective control room.  Detection of crime includes registration of an FIR, investigation, searches, seizures and arrests (if any) followed by submission of final report in the trial court and subsequent follow up during prosecution.

2.                  To bring offenders to justice :

3.                Maintenance of law and order: This includes security of threatened persons, security arrangements for important events such as festivals/ processions etc and security arrangements for the visits of VVIPs.  It also includes tackling of law and order problems and public disruptions such as student unrest, labour problems and dharnas etc.  An important aspect of urban policy is traffic regulation and management.  During disasters, calamities and major accidents, the police is one of the primary agencies involved in relief and rescue activities.

4.                  Another major function of the police is the redressal of grievances of the public.  This could be resolution of local disputes, family disputes, Redressal of traffic problems etc.

In addition, the district police also provides some citizens oriented services listed below :-

1)      Verification of applications for passport,

2)      Police clearance certificates

3)      Verification for Govt service

4)      Verification for arms licenses.

5)      Verification of convicts for parole

6)      No objection certificate for registration of change in ownership of vehicles

7)      Verification of tenants/ servants etc

8)      Verification/ inspection of licenses issued under the Arms Act, Excise Laws, Explosives Act and Petroleum Act.

                     The district police set up is organized in the form of zones headed by IGsP Zonal and ranges headed by Range DIsG Ranges comprise of districts headed by Senior Supdt. of Police.

                       The districts are further divided into sub-divisions comprising of police stations.  Each police station is supervised by the Station House officer (SHO) who is generally of the rank of sub inspector and in some cases even of the rank of Inspector of Police.  A police station may have one or more police posts (PPs).  A sub division comprises of one or more police stations which are supervised by the Dy.Supdt of Police of the sub division.  In addition to the Sub Divisional Police Officers, the district SSP is also generally assisted by a Supdt. of Police (Hqrs) and a Supdt. of Police (Detective).  In smaller districts, there may be only a Dy.Supdt. of Police (Hqrs) or Dy.Supdt. of Police (Detective).  In bigger cities there are even posts of Supdt. of Police (City) who supervises one or more sub divisions.  There may also be an SP (Ops) and/or SP Traffic in these bigger cities. 


                  The organizational set up of district Barnala is given below .  Structure is shown up to police station level.